Ernst Ingmar Bergman (1918-2007) was a Swedish film and stage director. During his career, Bergman made about forty films, mostly psychological or existential dramas in which the main character is up against conventional society. Bergman believed in the power of improvisation and relied heavily on his actors. Especially in his later works, there was hardly a script. Several of his films were awarded: he won three Oscars, a Golden Bear and received a Golden Palm for his entire oeuvre in 1998. His best-known films include Det sjunde inseglet [The Seventh Seal] (1957), Smultronstället [Wild Strawberries] (1957), Persona (1966) and Fanny och Alexander [Fanny and Alexander] (1982).