Roland Barthes (1915-1980) was a French literary theorist, philosopher, critic and semiotic. Barthes’ ideas explored a wide range of fields and influenced the development of many theoretical schools, including structuralism, semiotics, social theory, anthropology and poststructuralism. He was one of the driving forces behind poststructuralism and linguistic/photographic semiology in France. One of his best-known essays is La mort de l’auteur (1967). Barthes regarded the notion of the author, or the “author's authority”, as the forced projection of the ultimate meaning of a text.